Guide to Doing Business
in St. Maarten

Structures for doing business

In St. Maarten, one can operate a business by using different legal forms. A distinction can be made between legal entities such as limited liability companies and foundations and legal forms without legal personality, such as sole proprietorships and partnerships. For a foreign legal entity, it is also possible to do business via a branch office.

Legal entities

The mandatory regulations with regard to legal entities under private law (such as the foundation and the (private) limited liability company) which can be used for doing business in St. Maarten, are contained in Book 2 of the Civil Code. The legal entities explicitly regulated are:

Legal forms without legal personality

Depending on, amongst others, the nature and size of the business, and business activities and tax structure, one can opt for several legal forms which do not have legal personality:

  • The sole proprietorship (eenmanszaak);
  • The public partnership (openbare vennootschap);
  • The silent partnership (niet openbare vennootschap);
  • The limited partnership (commanditaire vennootschap).

The N.V. and the B.V. are, beside the sole proprietorship (eenmanszaak) the most common formal structures for the conduct of business in St. Maarten.